Retina is the neurosensory layer of the eye which is present inside and at the back of the eye. It is on this layer that an image seen by the eye is formed, which is converted to nerve signals and transferred to the brain.

Hence person with a normal eye but with a retina disease will have poor vision.

The common diseases affecting the retina are:-


Diabetic retinopathy (DR) is a common vascular retinal disease affecting about 40% of type 1 diabetics and 20% of type 2 diabetics. Duration of the diabetes is the most important risk factor for DR.

Treatment for DR includes Laser photocoagulation, Intraocular injections (Avastin) and Surgical Treatment. Surgery is done with 23 gauge instruments and Bosch and Lomb Stellaris PC vitrectomy machine.

Instruments available include a Digital fundus camera, Fundus fluorescein angiography (FFA-where a fluorescent dye is injected into the vein followed by taking a series of photographs of the retina), Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT), and B-scan.


Retinal detachment (RD) is a disorder of the eye in which the retina peels away from its underlying layer of support tissue and can lead to vision loss and blindness. It is a medical emergency. RD can occur due to a hole, tear, or break in the retina or inflammation and trauma. At SRIJAN EYE & MOTHER CARE we perform advanced retinal surgeries (with 23 gauge instruments and Bosch and Lomb Stellaris PC vitrectomy machine to achieve good postoperative results in patients.